In Arendt's provocative 1963 report in The New Yorker on the Jerusalem trial of the Nazi Adolf Eichmann, she argued he was not the personification of evil, but a pathetic bureaucrat.
Arendt coined the term the 'Banality of Evil', exemplified by Eichmann’s defense that he was simply following orders. She concluded this was not intrinsic evil, it was a failure to think and a repudiation of humanity. Consequently, she was pilloried by many in the powerful New York Jewish community for being a 'self-hating Jew' and having no emotions over the suffering of millions of Jews in the holocaust. One contemporary neo-con accused her of showing a ‘perversity of brilliance’.